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汉字转拼音类

龙行    PHP    2019-11-21    71    0评论    本文已被百度收录点击查看详情
<?php

namespace com;

/**
 * 中文转拼音类
 */
class Pinyin
{
    protected static $keys = "a|ai|an|ang|ao|ba|bai|ban|bang|bao|bei|ben|beng|bi|bian|biao|bie|bin|bing|bo|bu|ca|cai|can|cang|cao|ce|ceng|cha|chai|chan|chang|chao|che|chen|cheng|chi|chong|chou|chu|chuai|chuan|chuang|chui|chun|chuo|ci|cong|cou|cu|cuan|cui|cun|cuo|da|dai|dan|dang|dao|de|deng|di|dian|diao|die|ding|diu|dong|dou|du|duan|dui|dun|duo|e|en|er|fa|fan|fang|fei|fen|feng|fo|fou|fu|ga|gai|gan|gang|gao|ge|gei|gen|geng|gong|gou|gu|gua|guai|guan|guang|gui|gun|guo|ha|hai|han|hang|hao|he|hei|hen|heng|hong|hou|hu|hua|huai|huan|huang|hui|hun|huo|ji|jia|jian|jiang|jiao|jie|jin|jing|jiong|jiu|ju|juan|jue|jun|ka|kai|kan|kang|kao|ke|ken|keng|kong|kou|ku|kua|kuai|kuan|kuang|kui|kun|kuo|la|lai|lan|lang|lao|le|lei|leng|li|lia|lian|liang|liao|lie|lin|ling|liu|long|lou|lu|lv|luan|lue|lun|luo|ma|mai|man|mang|mao|me|mei|men|meng|mi|mian|miao|mie|min|ming|miu|mo|mou|mu|na|nai|nan|nang|nao|ne|nei|nen|neng|ni|nian|niang|niao|nie|nin|ning|niu|nong|nu|nv|nuan|nue|nuo|o|ou|pa|pai|pan|pang|pao|pei|pen|peng|pi|pian|piao|pie|pin|ping|po|pu|qi|qia|qian|qiang|qiao|qie|qin|qing|qiong|qiu|qu|quan|que|qun|ran|rang|rao|re|ren|reng|ri|rong|rou|ru|ruan|rui|run|ruo|sa|sai|san|sang|sao|se|sen|seng|sha|shai|shan|shang|shao|she|shen|sheng|shi|shou|shu|shua|shuai|shuan|shuang|shui|shun|shuo|si|song|sou|su|suan|sui|sun|suo|ta|tai|tan|tang|tao|te|teng|ti|tian|tiao|tie|ting|tong|tou|tu|tuan|tui|tun|tuo|wa|wai|wan|wang|wei|wen|weng|wo|wu|xi|xia|xian|xiang|xiao|xie|xin|xing|xiong|xiu|xu|xuan|xue|xun|ya|yan|yang|yao|ye|yi|yin|ying|yo|yong|you|yu|yuan|yue|yun|za|zai|zan|zang|zao|ze|zei|zen|zeng|zha|zhai|zhan|zhang|zhao|zhe|zhen|zheng|zhi|zhong|zhou|zhu|zhua|zhuai|zhuan|zhuang|zhui|zhun|zhuo|zi|zong|zou|zu|zuan|zui|zun|zuo";
    protected static $values = "-20319|-20317|-20304|-20295|-20292|-20283|-20265|-20257|-20242|-20230|-20051|-20036|-20032|-20026|-20002|-19990|-19986|-19982|-19976|-19805|-19784|-19775|-19774|-19763|-19756|-19751|-19746|-19741|-19739|-19728|-19725|-19715|-19540|-19531|-19525|-19515|-19500|-19484|-19479|-19467|-19289|-19288|-19281|-19275|-19270|-19263|-19261|-19249|-19243|-19242|-19238|-19235|-19227|-19224|-19218|-19212|-19038|-19023|-19018|-19006|-19003|-18996|-18977|-18961|-18952|-18783|-18774|-18773|-18763|-18756|-18741|-18735|-18731|-18722|-18710|-18697|-18696|-18526|-18518|-18501|-18490|-18478|-18463|-18448|-18447|-18446|-18239|-18237|-18231|-18220|-18211|-18201|-18184|-18183|-18181|-18012|-17997|-17988|-17970|-17964|-17961|-17950|-17947|-17931|-17928|-17922|-17759|-17752|-17733|-17730|-17721|-17703|-17701|-17697|-17692|-17683|-17676|-17496|-17487|-17482|-17468|-17454|-17433|-17427|-17417|-17202|-17185|-16983|-16970|-16942|-16915|-16733|-16708|-16706|-16689|-16664|-16657|-16647|-16474|-16470|-16465|-16459|-16452|-16448|-16433|-16429|-16427|-16423|-16419|-16412|-16407|-16403|-16401|-16393|-16220|-16216|-16212|-16205|-16202|-16187|-16180|-16171|-16169|-16158|-16155|-15959|-15958|-15944|-15933|-15920|-15915|-15903|-15889|-15878|-15707|-15701|-15681|-15667|-15661|-15659|-15652|-15640|-15631|-15625|-15454|-15448|-15436|-15435|-15419|-15416|-15408|-15394|-15385|-15377|-15375|-15369|-15363|-15362|-15183|-15180|-15165|-15158|-15153|-15150|-15149|-15144|-15143|-15141|-15140|-15139|-15128|-15121|-15119|-15117|-15110|-15109|-14941|-14937|-14933|-14930|-14929|-14928|-14926|-14922|-14921|-14914|-14908|-14902|-14894|-14889|-14882|-14873|-14871|-14857|-14678|-14674|-14670|-14668|-14663|-14654|-14645|-14630|-14594|-14429|-14407|-14399|-14384|-14379|-14368|-14355|-14353|-14345|-14170|-14159|-14151|-14149|-14145|-14140|-14137|-14135|-14125|-14123|-14122|-14112|-14109|-14099|-14097|-14094|-14092|-14090|-14087|-14083|-13917|-13914|-13910|-13907|-13906|-13905|-13896|-13894|-13878|-13870|-13859|-13847|-13831|-13658|-13611|-13601|-13406|-13404|-13400|-13398|-13395|-13391|-13387|-13383|-13367|-13359|-13356|-13343|-13340|-13329|-13326|-13318|-13147|-13138|-13120|-13107|-13096|-13095|-13091|-13076|-13068|-13063|-13060|-12888|-12875|-12871|-12860|-12858|-12852|-12849|-12838|-12831|-12829|-12812|-12802|-12607|-12597|-12594|-12585|-12556|-12359|-12346|-12320|-12300|-12120|-12099|-12089|-12074|-12067|-12058|-12039|-11867|-11861|-11847|-11831|-11798|-11781|-11604|-11589|-11536|-11358|-11340|-11339|-11324|-11303|-11097|-11077|-11067|-11055|-11052|-11045|-11041|-11038|-11024|-11020|-11019|-11018|-11014|-10838|-10832|-10815|-10800|-10790|-10780|-10764|-10587|-10544|-10533|-10519|-10331|-10329|-10328|-10322|-10315|-10309|-10307|-10296|-10281|-10274|-10270|-10262|-10260|-10256|-10254";

    /**
     * 获取文字的拼音
     * @param string  $chinese   中文汉字
     * @param boolean $onlyfirst 是否只返回拼音首字母
     * @param string  $delimiter 分隔符
     * @param string  $charset   文字编码
     * @return string
     */
    public static function get($chinese, $onlyfirst = false, $delimiter = '', $ucfirst = false, $charset = 'utf-8')
    {
        $keys_a = explode('|', self::$keys);
        $values_a = explode('|', self::$values);
        $data = array_combine($keys_a, $values_a);
        arsort($data);
        reset($data);
        if ($charset != 'gb2312') {
            $chinese = self::_u2_utf8_gb($chinese);
        }
        $result = '';
        for ($i = 0; $i < strlen($chinese); $i++) {
            $_P = ord(substr($chinese, $i, 1));
            if ($_P > 160) {
                $_Q = ord(substr($chinese, ++$i, 1));
                $_P = $_P * 256 + $_Q - 65536;
            }
            $result .= ($onlyfirst ? substr(self::_pinyin($_P, $data), 0, 1) : self::_pinyin($_P, $data));
            $result .= $delimiter;
        }
        if ($delimiter) {
            $result = rtrim($result, $delimiter);
        }

        return preg_replace("/[^a-z0-9_\-]*/i", '', $result);
    }

    private static function _pinyin($num, $data)
    {
        if ($num > 0 && $num < 160) {
            return chr($num);
        } elseif ($num < -20319 || $num > -10247) {
            return '';
        } else {
            foreach ($data as $k => $v) {
                if ($v <= $num) {
                    break;
                }
            }

            return $k;
        }
    }

    private static function _u2_utf8_gb($c)
    {
        $string = '';
        if ($c < 0x80) {
            $string .= $c;
        } elseif ($c < 0x800) {
            $string .= chr(0xC0 | $c >> 6);
            $string .= chr(0x80 | $c & 0x3F);
        } elseif ($c < 0x10000) {
            $string .= chr(0xE0 | $c >> 12);
            $string .= chr(0x80 | $c >> 6 & 0x3F);
            $string .= chr(0x80 | $c & 0x3F);
        } elseif ($c < 0x200000) {
            $string .= chr(0xF0 | $c >> 18);
            $string .= chr(0x80 | $c >> 12 & 0x3F);
            $string .= chr(0x80 | $c >> 6 & 0x3F);
            $string .= chr(0x80 | $c & 0x3F);
        }
        return iconv('UTF-8', 'GB2312//IGNORE', $string);
    }
}


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